How Do French Drain Installations Work?
Remember, liquid always seeks out the lowest point it can reach, going along the easiest path. It then readily moves into the empty pockets in loose soil. The French drain provides a reliably easy path, creating a sunken channel that encourages water to percolate out of the surrounding soil and flow along a smooth course.
Gravity is an essential component when it comes to a French drain functioning properly since it forces water down from the surface and out of saturated soil. It then pulls the water along the downward-sloping pipe to the desired discharge point.
The trench bottom should be sloped about 1 inch for every 8 feet in the direction you want water to flow. Depending on your situation, the water can be diverted to:
- A low-lying area of your property
- A drainage ditch
- A dry well
- The street
Characteristics of a French Drain
The most common pipe materials used to create a French Drain is plastic due to its durability. There are two main chosen pipe variations, which are corrugated and PVC. Both of these options are lightweight, but corrugated pipe can be flexible, while PVC is usually stronger and more rigid. Regardless of what the pipe is made of, it must allow water to enter and flow through the system.
Another option for areas that require French drain pipe installation is an “EZflow system.” This is a pipe that comes already surrounded by an aggregate and fabric mesh. The drain pipe itself is corrugated and perforated. French drain pipe alternatives such as this one are flexible and come in pre-set lengths, typically of 5 or 10 feet each.
The pipe’s diameter will impact how much water can flow through. Commercial or agricultural uses may require a larger-diameter perforated pipe for French drain systems, and areas that experience a good amount of water collection and heavy soil saturation may need a larger-diameter pipe as-well.
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- Sump Pumps
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- Exterior Drainage System
- French Drain Installations
- Moisture Control
- And much more…
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The United Waterproofing LLC trained professionals will thoroughly evaluate the inside and the outside of your home to determine where the water is coming from. We do this to provide you with the correct basement waterproofing services. Our basement waterproofing services comes with a warranty, and we guarantee that your basement will not be wet again. That warranty will last as long as you live in your home. We are so sure that our basement waterproofing services will correct your problem and that is why we back it with our exclusive warranty. If you are interested in basement waterproofing please take a look at basement finishing as well.